Example 1: The girl ran to the store.
|In this sentence, ran is a verb you can ask "how" or "when" about. How did the girl run? Slowly? Quickly? Haltingly? Those are all adverbs.
When did the girl run? Yesterday? Today? Those are also adverbs.
Example 2: The boy looked at the car.
|In this sentence, looked is a verb you can ask "how" or "when" about. How did the boy look? Longingly? Lovingly? Nervously? These are all adverbs.|
Adverbs also modify adjectives and other adverbs. When they do, they tell us "How much?"
Example 3: She was tired.
|In this case, tired is an adjective, so we are asking "How much?" about that adjective. Very? Not? Too? These are all adverbs.|
Generally, adverbs end in -ly but not always. Also, not all words that end in -ly are adverbs--refer back to adjectives of 'state' above. In addtion, some common non-ly adverbs are:
Example 1: The hood of my car is hot.
|If I want to describe how hot the surface of my car is, I can compare it to something else that I know is hot--say, an iron. Therefore, I would say, 'The surface of my car is as hot as an iron' or
'The surface of my car is hot like an iron.'
I couldn9t say, 'The surface of my car is like an iron' because it is unclear what characteristic I am comparing--the shape of the car and iron, the texture of the car and iron, etc.
|What are the characteristics of a rock? Hard, sometimes immovable, inorganic, solid.|